History of Box Elder County, Utah
Taken from the Utah History Encyclopedia (Links Added)
Area: 5,614 square miles; population: 36,485 (in 1990); county seat: Brigham City; origin of county name: named for the many box elder trees growing there; principal cities/towns: Brigham City (15,644), Tremonton (4,264), Garland (1,637), Willard (1,298), Perry (1,211), Honeyville (1,112), Bear River City (700), Clarkston (645), Corinne (639); economy: agriculture, aerospace/defense; points of interest: Willard Bay, Crystal Hot Springs, Brigham City Museum and Gallery, Golden Spike National Historic Site, Box Elder LDS Tabernacle in Brigham City, Willard Historic District, Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge.

Located in the upper northwest corner of the state of Utah, Box Elder County is part of the Great Basin region and embraces a large land area extending from the west spur of the Wasatch Mountains to the Idaho border and westward to Nevada. It includes portions of the Great Salt Lake and the Great Salt Lake Desert. On the east are the lower course and deltas of the Bear River, the Malad River Valley, and the Promontory Mountains. Diverse in topography, the county contains rich farmlands as well as extensive marshlands at the mouth of the Bear River.

Prehistoric big-game hunters seeking mammoths, camels, and bison roamed the area as early as 12,000 years ago, as did Indians of the later Plains Culture. Danger Cave, Promontory Caves, Hogup Cave, and Shallow Shelter are among the important archaeological sites found in Box Elder County. During the 1820s and 1830s fur trappers, including Peter Skene Ogden and Joseph R. Walker, explored the eastern and northern parts of the county. Permanent white settlement began in 1851 when a group of Mormons took up land in North Willow Creek (Willard). Brigham City was settled that year. Because the land was already inhabited by Shoshoni Indians, livestock raids and violent clashes between Indians and settlers were common until Territorial Governor James Duane Doty negotiated the Treaty of Box Elder on 30 July 1863 in Brigham City.

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