History of Garfield County, Utah
Taken from the Utah History Encyclopedia (Links Added)

Area: 5,l58 square miles; population: 3,980 (in 1990); county seat: Panguitch; origin of county name: after President James A. Garfield; principal cities/towns: Panguitch (1,444), Escalante (818); economy: cattle, lumber, tourism; points of interest: Bryce Canyon National Park, Lake Powell, Anasazi State Park, Panguitch Lake, Escalante DUP Building, Escalante Petrified Forest, Boulder Mountain, Burr Trail.

The Colorado River and Lake Powell mark the eastern border of remote, sparsely populated Garfield County. Other geographical features include the Henry Mountains in the northeast and the forested, high plateaus in the western half of the county. The two areas have eleven peaks over 10,000 feet. The Sevier River system runs north through western Garfield County, and the Escalante River empties into the Colorado.

Traces of three major prehistoric Indian cultures--the Sevier, Fremont, and Anasazi--have been found in the county. In historic times Southern Paiute and Ute Indians used the land.

The first white settlers, under the leadership of Jens Nielsen, made the difficult trip from Beaver and Parowan through the mountains to the Panguitch area in March 1864. The village of Panguitch, abandoned during the Black Hawk War (1865-67), was not resettled until 1871.

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