some support from political leaders in the nation's capital and from
eastern newspapers, the town fathers attempted to use their position
as a Gentile city to break the political and economic monopoly held
by the Mormons in Utah Territory. They sought to have J. A. Williamson
named territorial governor; tried to have the northern one degree of
latitude of Utah added to Idaho so as to dismember the territory; and
attempted to have Corinne named as the capital of Utah. The citizens
of Corinne failed in each case to achieve their wishes, but it was not
for lack of trying--their leaders and newssheets bombarded Washington,
D.C., for help in their fight as they blasted Brigham Young and the Mormon hierarchy. The Saints had no difficulty in this unequal fight, even awarding the ballot to Utah women to ensure maintenance of political control of the territory.
Brigham Young assured the demise
of Corinne when he and the Mormon people built the narrow-gauge Utah
Northern Railroad from Ogden to Franklin, Idaho. Although construction
of the line beyond that point ceased for four years as a result of the
Panic of 1873, in the autumn of 1877, the Union Pacific bought the little
railroad and began pushing it northward through Idaho. The tracks reached
Marsh Valley and cut the Montana Trail at that place, thereby supplanting
wagon traffic from Corinne with rail transport from Ogden. The Gentile
merchants immediately fled Corinne for Ogden or the terminus of the
rail line, while Mormon farmers moved in to buy the land around Corinne
and make it the Mormon village it has been ever since.
Brigham D. Madsen, Corinne: The Gentile Capital of Utah (1980).